Marion Mitchell Morrison (born Marion Robert Morrison; May 26, 1907 – June 11, 1979), better known by his stage name John Wayne, was an American film actor, director and producer. He epitomized rugged masculinity and became an enduring American icon. He is famous for his distinctive calm voice, walk, and height. He was also known for his conservative political views and his support, beginning in the 1950s, for anti-communist positions.
John Wayne is also the biggest box office draw of all time appearing within the Quigley annual list of “Top 10 Money Maker’s Poll” a record 25 times, with the exception of 1958 he was on this list every year from 1949 to 1974.
A Harris Poll, released January 2011, placed Wayne third among America’s favorite film stars, the only deceased star to ever appear on the list and the only one who has appeared on the poll every year since it first began in 1994.
In June 1999, the American Film Institute named Wayne 13th among the Greatest Male Screen Legends of All Time.
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